| Strategic Orientation for UNFPA Action
UNFPA is committed to combating
the epidemic. It recognizes that the fight against HIV/AIDS
is a complex process, involving preventing the infection,
caring and supporting people living with HIV and AIDS,
and mitigating the consequences of the epidemic. HIV/AIDS
should be a priority for all institutions concerned
with development, with each contributing appropriately
to the continuum of prevention and care.
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For UNFPA, preventing and decreasing
the number of new infections is the mainstay of its
contribution to the global fight against HIV/AIDS.
In the absence of a cure or preventive
vaccine, and with treatment unaffordable or inaccessible
for most people who need it, prevention is the most
feasible approach to reversing the epidemic.
Overall framework for UNFPA Action:
The recommendations of the 1994 International Conference on Population
and development (ICPD), of the five-year review of the ICPD Programme
of Action and of the United Nations General Assembly Special session
on HIV/AIDS (UNGASS) provide the overall framework for UNFPA action.
to view a quick summary.
Prevention is also the challenge
most appropriately and directly linked to the Fund’s
primary mandate – to help ensure universal access to
high-quality sexual and reproductive health services
to all couples and individuals by 2015.
The Programme of Action of the International
Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), recommends
that reproductive health programmes “increase their
efforts to prevent, detect and treat sexually transmitted
diseases and other reproductive tract infections” (paragraph
In accordance with
the ICPD Programme of Action, HIV/AIDS is as an integral component
of reproductive and sexual health and rights.
UNFPA's comparative advantages:
UNFPA benefits from more than three decades of programme experience
addressing sensitive issues such as gender relations and sexuality
in various socio-cultural settings; more...
Prevention has been proven to work, is cost effective and feasible.
Irrespective of the magnitude or stage of he epidemic in a country
or community, it is never too early or too late to begin prevention
The Fund’s added value to the global
effort is to concentrate its resources in areas where
it has a comparative advantage vis-à-vis other organizations
Key elements for strategic programming
for HIV prevention are summarized in the following diagram:
These elements are in line with
the Multi-Year Funding Framework (MYFF) goals and outputs
for 2002-2003 approved by the Executive Board in decision
2000/9. The Fund’s HIV/AIDS prevention focus will contribute
to progress being made towards the MYFF goals:
The capacity of
couples and individuals to enjoy good reproductive health, including
family planning and sexual health, throughout the life cycle;
- A balance between population dynamics and social and economic
- The achievement of gender equality and empowerment of women.
Advocacy, strengthening national
capacity-building, using an evidence and knowledge-based
approach, and promoting, strengthening and coordinating
partnerships, will all act as interactive and interdependent
strategies in those countries and regions where UNFPA’s
institutional strategy for the prevention of HIV is
The three MYFF goals reflect and
reaffirm the goals of ICPD, ICPD+5, UNGASS and other
United Nations conferences. They are also in line with
UNFPA’s three subprogramme areas endorsed by the Executive
Board (decision 95/15) — reproductive health, including
family planning and sexual health; population and development
strategy; and advocacy, with gender equality and equity
and the empowerment of women as a cross-cutting dimension
in all programmes.
2 For the full text on the UNGASS Declaration of
HIV/AIDS, refer to
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