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Preventing HIV Infection
Strategic Guidance
on HIV/AIDS Prevention
Purpose of the Guidance Note
Strategic Orientation for UNFPA Action
Integrating HIV/AIDS Issues into the Country Programming Process
Country Situations
Core Support
Creating an Enabling Environment for HIV Prevention
Advances in New Technologies and Issues
The Way Forward
ICPD+5 Goals
Regional HIV/AIDS Statistics
Creating an Enabling Environment for HIV Prevention

Mainstreaming Gender Concerns
Population Development Concerns
Advocacy and Partnerships for HIV Prevention
Capacity Building

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Capacity Building

The General Assembly resolution 56/201 calls on the United Nations system to explicitly articulate and implement capacity-building as a goal of the technical assistance provided.

Capacity-building is one of the four strategies under the MYFF employed by UNFPA to assist countries in reaching their population and development objectives.

Presently, the Fund spends more than two-thirds of its programme funds on essential activities to develop capacity both within the organization and more importantly in the countries that it supports.

These include different types of training activities for national counterparts at various levels; improving technical and organizational processes and functions; improving the functioning of systems and mechanisms made up of network of partners and stakeholders; and addressing the needs of clients and communities for information through advocacy and awareness-raising activities.

For this strategic guidance to become optimally operational – the capacity among UNFPA staff at all levels needs to be continually enhanced.

UNFPA staff particularly at the country level should been given the opportunity to acquire adequate knowledge on issues related to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and to be well equipped with the necessary skills and tools to effectively analyze, programme, implement and monitor interventions for the prevention of HIV infections.

UNFPA should work in collaboration with other UN partners at all levels to intensify efforts to build national and regional capacity to analyze, strategically plan, implement and manage HIV preventive interventions. Capacity-building of national counterparts would be an important strategy in support for HIV prevention, including sub-regional and regional level training and country-level technical backstopping.

Towards this end, UNFPA at a regional and global level will intensify its support to country offices, through the expertise of specialized HIV/AIDS Advisers in the regional CSTs and through its HIV/AIDS Team at UNFPA Headquarters.

In collaboration with regional training and resource institutions and CSTs, UNFPA will develop and implement a staff training programme on HIV prevention programming to complement the already developed distant-learning course on HIV/AIDS.

A series of sub-regional training workshops are being planned for UNFPA field staff and national counterparts over the course of the next two years with the aim of ensuring that field staff are knowledgeable about the UNFPA strategic focus in the area of HIV prevention, and are able to effectively programme HIV prevention activities within the context of the country programme process.

On capacity-building the United Nations General Assembly resolution 56/201:

“Stresses that capacity-building and its sustainability should be explicitly articulated as a goal of technical assistance provided by operational activities of the United Nations system, with the aim of strengthening national capacities…..”

“Also stresses the importance of disseminating, to the fullest extent possible, the expertise acquired through the technical assistance provided by operational activities for development of the United Nations system in the programme countries”

“Reiterates that the United Nations system should use, to the fullest extent possible and practicable, available national expertise and indigenous technologies in the implementation of operational activities…”

"Requests the United Nations system to enhance the capacity of national Governments to coordinate the external assistance received from the international community, including from the United Nations system”

(Source: Triennial policy review of operational activities for development of the United Nations system, A/RES/56/201, March 2002)

The key actions for the further implementation of the Programme of Action - ICPD+5 calls on the United Nations system and donors to support governments in building of national capacity to plan, manage, implement, monitor and evaluate reproductive and sexual health services including services for the management of STIs and HIV/AIDS.

Furthermore, it recommends that governments and international organizations create and support mechanisms to build and sustain partnerships with community-based organizations and non-governmental organizations, as well as other relevant organizations, the research community and professional organizations and together focus on human resources development and on building and strengthening national capacity to implement sustainable population and reproductive health programmes.

UNFPA along with all cosponsors in UNAIDS is committed to keeping abreast of all new technical and research developments in the field of HIV prevention.

Moreover, UNFPA should also play an advocacy role in support of the research underlying the development of such potentially useful preventive products as vaccines and microbicides. It is primarily for the purpose of updating UNFPA staff on these few new technologies and approaches that they have been included in this strategic guidance document.

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