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HOME: POPULATION ISSUES: PREVENTING HIV INFECTION: Strategic Guidance on HIV/AIDS Prevention
Preventing HIV Infection
Strategic Guidance
on HIV/AIDS Prevention
Purpose of the Guidance Note
Strategic Orientation for UNFPA Action
Integrating HIV/AIDS Issues into the Country Programming Process
Country Situations
Core Support
Creating an Enabling Environment for HIV Prevention
Advances in New Technologies and Issues
The Way Forward
Glossary
ICPD+5 Goals
Regional HIV/AIDS Statistics
Regional HIV/AIDS Statistics and Features, End of 2001

Region Epidemic started Adults & children living with HIV/AIDS Adults & children newly infected with HIV Adults prevalence rate(*) % of HIV positive adults who are women Main mode(s) of transmission (#) for adults living with HIV/AIDS
Sub-Saharan Africa Late '70s-early '80s 28.1 million 3.4 million 8.4% 55% Hetero
North Africa & Middle East Late '80s 440,000 80,000 0.2% 40% Hetero, IDU
South & South-East Asia Late '80s 6.1 million 800,000 0.6% 35% Hetero, IDU
East Asia & Pacific Late '80s 1 million 270,000 0.1% 20% IDU, hetero, MSM
Latin America Late '70s-early '80s 1.4 million 130,000 0.5% 30% MSM, IDU, hetero
Caribbean Late '70s-early 80's 420,000 60,000 2.2% 50% Hetero, MSM
Eastern Europe & Central Asia Early '90s 1 million 250,000 0.5% 20% IDU
Western Europe Late '70s-early '80s 560,000 30,000 0.3% 25% MSM, IDU
North America Late '70s - early '80s 940,000 45,000 0.6% 20% MSM, IDU, hetero
Australia & New Zealand Late '70s-early '80s 15,000 500 0.1% 10% MSM
Total   40 million 5 million 1.2% 48%  

Source: UNAIDS and WHO (2001), AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2001 (Geneva, 2001), p. 3.

Notes:
* The proportion of adults (15 to 49 years of age) living with HIV/AIDS in 2000, using 2001 population number.
** Hetero (heterosexual transmission), IDU (transmission through infecting drug use), MSM (sexual transmission among men who have sex with men).


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