Preventing HIV Infection

Addressing Gender Perspectives in HIV Prevention

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

What Can UNFPA Do?

UNFPA’s mandate and extensive experience in population and development, women’s empowerment and gender equality, and reproductive health and rights, provides a strong basis on which to continue building gender-responsive HIV prevention programmes.

Gender-sensitivity in HIV programming implies explicitly mainstreaming and responding to the different identities, perspectives, barriers and needs that affect girls’ and boys’ and women’s and men’s attitudes and behaviours related to HIV prevention.

Specifically, UNFPA should:

1. Ensure gender-responsive sexual and reproductive health programmes to achieve HIV prevention among young people. Access to gender-sensitive sexuality education (in and out-of-school) and youthfriendly services should be rapidly expanded, including:


2. Integrate gender-sensitive STI/HIV prevention, counseling and testing into existing reproductive health programmes to prevent transmission in pregnant women.


3. Address gender-specific issues related to condom programming and STI/HIV supplies and commodities.


In addition, across the broad range of HIV/AIDS programming, UNFPA should ensure that gender concerns and power dynamics are addressed, and consider the following:

Gender roles and relations have a significant influence on the course and the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in every region of the world. Understanding the impact of gender roles and relations on individuals’ and communities’ abilities to protect themselves and effectively cope with the impact of AIDS is crucial for expanding the response to the epidemic.
(UNAIDS Technical Update: Gender and HIV/AIDS, 1998)


<<  Back    Home    Next  >>