Preventing HIV Infection

Overview

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What Should Be Our Guiding Principles?

Promote the full realization of human rights, gender equality and the involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS.
Respect for all human rights including the rights to non-discrimination, equality and participation in particular, can provide a solid foundation for all HIV/AIDS related activities and programmes.

Ensure national ownership and leadership.
The best responses are country driven and adapted to fit the epidemiological, cultural, and demographic context in which they are implemented. To be successful, leadership at all levels must be inclusive and proactive, allocate adequate resources, be innovative and take risks to expand implementation, overcome obstacles, and empower others to take effective action against the epidemic.

Build national capacity.
The ultimate aim should be to build sustainable national capacity across a broad spectrum of institutions (e.g. governmental, non-governmental, civil society, private sector) to respond to the epidemic especially in the area of prevention. Collective action should be catalytic, complementary and synergistic; reflect findings from common country programme processes (e.g., CPA, CCA, UNDAF, CDF, PSRP, SWAps); and be incorporated into the National Strategic Plan including monitoring and evaluation.

Promote a multisectoral perspective.
The approach, including for prevention, should be multisectoral, involving the widest possible range within government, and civil society including the private sector.

Support broad-based social mobilization.
The creation of a broad-based social “movement” to fight the epidemic is an important building block towards success. Solidarity among people living with HIV/AIDS, those who care for them, communities, key national institutions, government authorities and the partners providing financial or technical support is essential for effective and sustainable prevention efforts.

Encourage a massive scaling-up of efforts.
Successful small scale and pilot prevention interventions are not sufficient to defeat the epidemic. A more comprehensive and expanded programme approach based upon their lessons learned is urgently needed to respond on a scale commensurate with the challenge of the epidemic.


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