to the 2002 estimations of the STI/ HIV/AIDS Division
of the Ministry of Heath, the prevalence rate of HIV
in Senegal is 1% in the general population and 1.3% for
young people (15-24 years old). About 5,500 new infections
have been recorded during the year 2000 and an estimated
80,000 persons are living with HIV and AIDS.
the Senegalese National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS
2002-2006, young people
are the principal target for HIV prevention. The main
prevention strategy is the reinforcement of youth capacities
to integrate the struggle against HIV/AIDS in their activities
in order to promote responsible sexual behaviours.
Since the first case of HIV in 1986, all sectors of
the Senegalese society have been involved in this struggle:
- With political leadership, a national program has
been set up and 5 national plans have been elaborated
and implemented from 1987 to 2001
- NGOs, religious and community leaders have increased
access for all Senegalese people, especially youth,
to prevention information.
Since 1994, the UNFPA Office in Senegal has been involved
in adolescent reproductive health. It provides information
and services for in-school and out-of-school adolescents.
Modules and curricula on RH and HIV/AIDS have been created
and disseminated by teachers and peer educators. For
young people who are out of school, information and clinical
services are available in ten youth centres, which have
been set up in each region of the country. In those centres
prevention and sensitisation activities are conducted
by peers. UNFPA also provides condoms, and is the principal
donor in the country for female condoms.
Since the last UNFPA Country Program, Senegal has introduced
family health education that includes HIV prevention
in Koranic schools. Curricula have been developed in
Arabic and teachers are trained in prevention education.
Other successful initiatives include the organization of
sensitising activities, such as beach animations with sketches
about HIV/AIDS, and bike trips in rural areas with thematic
debates on this topic.