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Preventing HIV Infection
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Statements Guiding UNFPA in HIV Prevention

Statements Guiding UNFPA in HIV Prevention


International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo)
Programme of Action

Reproductive health programmes should “increase their efforts to prevent, detect and treat sexually transmitted diseases and other reproductive tract infections…” (paragraph 7.30).

Other recommendations include the training of health care providers in sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS; the provision in reproductive health programmes of information, education and counselling on responsible sexual behaviour; and the promotion and reliable supply of high-quality condoms (paragraphs 7.31-7.33).


Key Actions for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action of the ICPD

"Governments should ensure that prevention of and services for sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS are an integral component of reproductive and sexual health programmes at the primary health care level" (paragraph 68).

  • By 2005 at least 90 per cent of young people aged 15 to 24, and 95 per cent by 2010, should have access to the means to prevent and control HIV/AIDS.

  • HIV infection rates in persons 15 to 24 years of age should be reduced by 25 per cent in the most affected countries by 2015, and by 25 per cent globally by 2010.


Millennium Summit of the United Nations
Millennium Development Goals

  • By 2015, to have halted and begun to reverse the
    spread of HIV/AIDS.


United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS
Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS

Drawing upon and endorsing the ICPD and ICPD+5 recommendations concerning HIV/AIDS, governments pledged to pursue the following targets:

  • To reduce HIV infection among 15- to 24-year-olds by 25 per cent in the most affected countries by 2005 and, globally, by 2010, challenging gender inequalities in relation to HIV/AIDS;

  • By 2003, have in place national prevention targets recognizing factors that increase vulnerability and identifying high-risk groups;

  • By 2005, strengthen the response to HIV/AIDS in the world of work;

  • By 2005, develop and implement strategies to protect mobile and migrant workers;

  • By 2003, implement universal precautions in all health care settings;

  • By 2005 ensure that a wide range of prevention programmes that take account of local circumstances, ethics and cultural values are available in the most affected countries;

  • By 2005, at least 90 per cent, and by 2010 at least 95 per cent of young men and women aged 15 to 24 years should have access to information, education and services necessary to develop the life skills required to reduce their vulnerability to HIV infection;

  • By 2005, to reduce the proportion of infants infected with HIV by 20 per cent, and by 50 per cent by 2010, by ensuring that 80 per cent of pregnant women accessing antenatal care have information, counselling and other HIV prevention services available to them.

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