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HOME: POPULATION ISSUES: PREVENTING HIV INFECTION: HIV/AIDS Update 2002
Preventing HIV Infection
HIV/AIDS Update 2002
Strategy for Prevention
Country Commitments
Regional Response
Global Action
Conclusion: Challenges
Country Commitments

More than 140 countries
Threat to development
Building on lessons learned
Country situations
Emergency and conflict situations

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Threat to development


“The most important lesson learned from countries that have successfully responded to the epidemic has been the critical role of government and civil society leadership in increasing the visibility of the epidemic while decreasing the stigma associated with it.”

Kofi Annan
Secretary-General of the United Nations

AIDS is on track to single-handedly wipe out 50 years of development gains in the most-affected countries. Development gains are being rolled back as countries lose many of their young and most productive people to the epidemic, as poverty and inequality deepen as a result of HIV/AIDS, and as the costs of the epidemic mount.

  • National budgets are losing tax revenue. In Botswana, the Government is estimated to lose 20 per cent of public revenue by 2010 due to the economic impact of HIV/AIDS.


  • Life expectancy in Zimbabwe is estimated to be 26 years lower than it would have been in the absence of AIDS. In Haiti, life expectancy has dropped by six years as a result of AIDS.


  • AIDS will increase the percentage of people living in extreme poverty from 45 per cent in 2000 to 51 per cent in 2015 in Burkina Faso, Rwanda and Uganda, according to a recent study.


  • A loss of 5 per cent in gross domestic product by 2005 is anticipated in Jamaica and in Trinidad and Tobago as a result of AIDS.

UNFPA and its partners are assisting countries in urgent efforts to bring the epidemic under control.

Without immediate action, more countries will be caught in a vicious cycle as worsening socio-economic conditions render them more vulnerable and derail efforts to improve prevention, care and treatment.

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