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HOME: POPULATION ISSUES: PREVENTING HIV INFECTION: HIV/AIDS Update 2002
Preventing HIV Infection
HIV/AIDS Update 2002
Strategy for Prevention
Country Commitments
Regional Response
Global Action
Conclusion: Challenges
Strategy for Prevention

The current situation
Why focus on prevention?
Strategy for prevention
Core areas of support
Young people, Condom programming, Pregnant women
Enabling environment
Mainstreaming gender concerns, Population and development concerns, Advocacy and partnerships, Capacity building

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Enabling environment (continued)

2. Population and development concerns

Effective prevention measures take into account the behaviour patterns that influence HIV transmission.

UNFPA supports the collection and analysis of socio-economic and population-based data for use in programmes and policies. This information contributes to a better understanding of the social and demographic impact of HIV/AIDS, helping countries plan ahead to meet the changing needs of their populations.

  • A survey of contraceptive and condom needs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo was carried out with partners including the national AIDS programme and HIV/AIDS organizations to help formulate a national plan and establish a reliable supply. In 2001, a statistician/ demographer was recruited and 15 interviewers received training in informationgathering techniques.


  • A baseline study in Liberia to identify sociocultural barriers to HIV prevention found that few people are adequately informed, misconceptions about condoms abound and many traditional healers dismiss the threat of HIV or efforts to prevent its transmission. Appropriate strategies were developed based on these findings.


  • In Cambodia, a new AIDS Impact Model (AIM) is the centrepiece of advocacy efforts highlighting the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS and mobilizing action by decision makers. The model will be used to generate a national dialogue on policy and planning.

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