Resources on Sexual & reproductive health

The changes in global population health over the last two decades are striking in two ways – in the dramatic aggregate shifts in the composition of the global health burden towards non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and injuries, including due to global aging, and the persistence of communicable, maternal, nutritional and neonatal disorders (i.e. diseases of poverty) in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

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The importance of linking sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV is widely recognized. The international community agrees that the Millennium Development Goals will not be achieved without ensuring universal access to SRH and HIV prevention,treatment, care and support. In order to gain a clearer understanding ofthe effectiveness, optimal circumstances, and best practices for strengthening SRH and HIV linkages, a systematic review of the literature was conducted.

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Each year, 183,000 women die in Sub-Saharan Africa from pregnancy-related causes, and 1.2 million newborns die in the first month of life. Most of these deaths could be prevented with adequate medical care.

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In Latin America and the Caribbean, 62 per cent of women aged 15-49 want to avoid a pregnancy. However, 22 per cent of these women—23 million in 2014—are not using an effective contraceptive method.

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An estimated 290,000 women die each year in developing countries from pregnancy-related causes, and 2.9 million newborns die in the first month of life. Nearly all of these deaths could be prevented with adequate medical care.

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Women's economic contribution in one Laotian village is now seen to be as important as their role as mothers and wives, as a result of UNFPA assistance. Villagers now have access to reproductive health information and services, too, thanks to the efforts of the Fund and its national partners, the Lao Women's Union and the Ministry of Health.

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In Asia, more than half of all women of reproductive age want to avoid a pregnancy. However, 22% of these women—141 million in 2014—are either using no method or using a less effective, traditional method.

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For further information on assessment tools, please see websites below: Compendium of Maternal and Newborn Health Toolshttp://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/publications/html/ms-02-09.htmll Tools and Methods For Health System...

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THE WHO STRATEGIC APPROACH TO  STRENGTHENING SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES SA AJPH Making decisions with Questionnaires Summary Experiences with Resources for TA   SITUATION ANALYSIS Clinic...

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