Actualités

Estimated 75,000 pregnant women affected by floods in Pakistan

4 November 2014
Author: UNFPA
Estimated 75,000 pregnant women affected by floods in Pakistan
People seek shelter on higher ground after late monsoon rains caused widespread flooding across Pakistan's Punjab region, affecting more than 2.5 million people, including an estimated 75,000 pregnant women. Photo credit: UNFPA Pakistan/Stenly Sajow

PUNJAB PROVINCE, Pakistan – When torrential rains flooded Asma Bibi’s village last month, the pregnant 18 year old was able to reach a rural health centre in the neighbouring Jhang District, where she received basic care and health supplies. But not all expectant mothers were able to make it to higher ground.

Recent floods in Pakistan’s Punjab Province severely disrupted access to health centres across the region. Many displaced people, including pregnant women, were unable to reach clinics to receive the care they need.

More than 2.5 million people were affected by the recent floods in north-eastern Pakistan, according to the latest figures from the Government’s National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). UNFPA estimates that more than 625,000 are women of reproductive age and that at least 75,000 are pregnant.

Asma Bibi, 18, receives reproductive health supplies from the Rural Health Clinic in Rodu Sultan, in Punjab’s Jhang District. Photo credit: UNFPA Pakistan/Stenly Sajow

As part of the government’s humanitarian response efforts, UNFPA and its partners are working to meet their reproductive health needs, including distributing safe delivery and dignity kits, setting up mobile clinics, and establishing a referral system for the displaced population.

Access to health facilities blocked

Asma fled her village with no time to prepare: “All the shops were closed. My house was flooded and I do not have money,” she explained after receiving a safe delivery kit and other basic hygiene supplies at the Rural Health Clinic in Rodu Sultan, a town in Punjab’s Jhang District where some people were able to take shelter.

But with floodwater making the area largely inaccessible, the number of deliveries at the health clinic fell from 25 to eight per week.

“It has been difficult for pregnant women to come to this centre. The flood has disrupted the access to health services,” says Dr. Khan, head of the clinic.

This is the case for Sharifa, 19, whose house in the village of Rasheed Pur was destroyed. Eight months pregnant, she has been living in a nearby tent.

Sharifa, 19, moved into a tent 20 metres from what used to be her house. The flooding has blocked her from accessing a health clinic but she has received newborn baby kits and reproductive health supplies from UNFPA and Muslim Aid. Photo credit: UNFPA Pakistan/Stenly Sajow

Most days, she is left to fend for herself as her husband leaves early in the morning and returns late at night, trying to earn money as a labourer to rebuild their home.

Sharifa has never been to a clinic to receive antenatal care. She will rely on a ‘dai’, a traditional birth attendant, to help her during delivery.

“I do not have money and transportation to reach the clinic,” she says. “These bags [newborn baby kit and clean delivery kit] will help me a lot.”

Delivering reproductive health supplies where they are needed most

In response to the floods, UNFPA and its partner, Muslim Aid, have distributed essential reproductive health supplies, including 320 newborn baby kits, 200 clean delivery kits, and 40 dignity kits containing personal hygiene items for women and girls of reproductive age.

UNFPA and Muslim Aid are also supporting the government by setting up mobile clinics and revitalizing reproductive health services at selected health facilities.
 

 

Pakistan
Population : 192.8 mil
Taux de fertilité
3.4
Ratio de mortalité maternelle
178
Taux de prévalence contraceptive
40
Population âgée de 10 à 24 ans
30%
Inscription des jeunes en enseignement secondaire
Garçons 46%
Filles 36%