96/15.  Allocation of resources to country programmes of the United Nations Population Fund


The Executive Board

1.             Takes note of the report of the Executive Director on a revised approach for the allocation of the resources of the United Nations Population Fund to country programmes (DP/FPA/1996/15) and of the comments made thereon by the Executive Board;

2.             Reaffirms the commitments demonstrated by Member States in the context of adhering to the principles in the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development;

3.             Also reaffirms that, in order to achieve the goals of the International Conference on Population and Development, there is a need for adequate mobilization of resources at the national and international levels as well as of new and additional resources to developing countries from all sources, including multilateral, bilateral and private sources and calls upon those countries in a position to do so to increase their contributions to the United Nations Population Fund;

4.             Endorses the approach for resource allocation contained in the report, including the indicators and threshold levels towards meeting the goals of the International Conference on Population and Development for the year 2005;

5.             Also endorses, in this context, the flexible approach to the allocation of relative shares of resources to the new categories of countries as well as to the distribution of resources to individual countries in line with the section of the report entitled "Distribution of resources to individual countries";

6.             Decides that the United Nations Population Fund, while using this flexible approach, should give special attention to the least developed countries, low-income countries and Africa;

7.             Also decides that the United Nations Population Fund in distributing resources to individual countries within each category should use per capita gross national product as a criterion as well as other appropriate indicators of the level of development of a country;

8.             Further decides that the allocation of resources should be based on a comprehensive assessment of the actual needs and requirements of countries, and should take fully into consideration coherent national programmes, plans and strategies on population and development and the need for external resources to complement national financial efforts in the area of population and development;

9.             Endorses the procedure for categorization of countries into groups A, B and C as outlined in the report and approves the following relative shares of resources: 67-69 per cent to Group A, 22-24 per cent to Group B, 5-7 per cent to Group C and 3-4 per cent to countries with economies in transition, on a temporary basis, and 0.5 per cent to other countries;

10.             Recognizes that some countries may still continue to require programme support in selected thematic areas to assure that the gains already made are not compromised by adverse economic situations;

11.             Also recognizes the need to address the problems of significant social sectors and areas not reflected in national average indicators;

12.             Reaffirms that the United Nations Population Fund should continue to promote and strengthen South-South cooperation in all groups of countries, both within and between regions;

13.             Recommends that the revised approach for resource allocation be introduced in a phased manner, taking into account both the stage of the current cycle of assistance and the status of programme implementation in individual countries;

14.             Recommends that the Executive Director undertake a quinquennial review of the system for resource allocation, including a performance assessment of the indicators and their threshold levels, and to report thereon to the Executive Board starting in the year 2000;

15.             Requests the Executive Director to provide information in the annual report of the Fund on the level of allocations and disbursements to the categories of countries in line with the revised approach, as well as information on the allocations and disbursements of resources to regions, least developed countries and low-income countries;

16.             Also requests the United Nations Population Fund to continue the methodological work needed to further develop indicators for the goals of the International Conference on Population and Development that would be of practical value in serving to assist in allocating resources, including indicators measuring the integration of all components of reproductive health and family planning services.

    27 March 1996