89/46.  United Nations Population Fund

A

The Governing Council

             Recalling General Assembly resolution 3019 (XXVII) of 18 December 1972 and Economic and Social resolution 1763 (LIV) of 18 May 1973 (reaffirmed by the Economic and Social Council in resolution 1986/7 of 21 May 1986) and taking into account the views expressed by delegations at its thirty-sixth session (1989) during consideration of matters concerning the United Nations Population Fund,

    1.     Takes note of the reports of the Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund on the activities of the Fund in 1988 (DP/1989/32 (parts I, II and/III) and DP/1989/33 (parts I and II));

    2.     Notes with satisfaction the intention of the Fund to improve technical capacity and substantive analysis, bearing in mind the expertise available within other United Nations organizations and the non-governmental sector; and welcomes the increased field orientation of the organization;

    3.     Expresses its appreciation to all contributors to the United Nations Population Fund, especially those who increased their contributions or made first-time contributions in 1988;

    4.     Invites all countries that are able to do so to initiate, resume or increase, as the case may be, contributions in 1989 and future years and to make their payments as early as possible in the year for which the pledge is made;

    5.     Stresses the importance of targeting the resources of the Fund at the highest priority population programme areas, so as at least to maintain the share of resources allocated to family planning;

    6.     Requests the Executive Director, when preparing her report to the Governing Council at its thirty-eighth session (1991) on the implementation of the modified criteria to be used in designating priority countries, as set out in decision 88/34 of 1 July 1988, to take into account the desirability of further concentration of resources on countries most in need of assistance in the population field, and notably the poorest developing countries;

    7.     Recommends that the Fund contribute to the preparatory process of an international development strategy for the Fourth United Nations Development Decade in order to ensure the full integration of population programme goals into that strategy;

    8.     Encourages the United Nations Population Fund to contribute effectively to the preparation of United Nations conferences and meetings related to the development of developing countries, when appropriate in terms of the mandate and competence of the Fund and the preparatory processes established for those conferences and meetings;

    9.     Takes note of the status report of the Executive Director on the implementation of the Fund's strategy for assistance to sub-Saharan Africa (DP/1989/38) and stresses that the basic objectives and priorities of the strategy have to be in consonance with the United Nations Programme of Action on African Economic Recovery and Development; in this context, stresses the need to continue to increase in both volume and percentage terms the provision of United Nations Population Fund assistance to sub-Saharan Africa, which is meant to meet the increasing population needs of the region; also stresses the need to take full account of the lessons learned from the Fund's review and assessment exercise; and further requests the Executive Director, when reporting to the Governing Council at its thirty-eighth session (1991) on the continued implementation of the strategy, to report on (a) the status of support for the establishment of a regional information, education and communication clearing house and regional training centres on population information, education and communication and maternal and child health/family planning, and (b) the issues surrounding the financing of technical assistance provided to demographic centres in the African countries, including the question of increasing this financing;

    10.   Urges that steps be taken to augment the resource base, so that even while increasing the emphasis on assistance to sub-Saharan Africa, support for programmes in other regions is maintained at present levels, if not increased;

    11.   Notes with satisfaction the Fund's 1989 State of World Population report and endorses in principle the recommendations and goals set forth in the report; notes with appreciation the Executive Director's status report on the implementation strategy to strengthen the capacity of the Fund to deal with issues concerning women, population and development (DP/1989/36); and requests the Executive Director to submit to the Governing Council at its thirty-eighth session (1991) a report on the final two years of the implementation of that strategy, giving particular attention to its impact;

    12.  Invites the Executive Director to prepare a comprehensive section in her next annual report to identify obstacles encountered by developing countries in the implementation of policies and programmes related to population matters in the context of the link between the implementation of such programmes and the exacerbation of poverty, taking into account the views expressed by delegations on all relevant macro-economic factors, in particular the external indebtedness of developing countries;

    13.  Takes note of the Executive Director's progress report on United Nations Population Fund programmes and projects aimed at sustainable development (DP/1989/39); welcomes the Fund's efforts to assist developing countries in integrating population, environmental and development activities aimed at alleviating poverty and improving the quality of life of their people; and encourages the Fund to continue to develop insight into the nature of the relationship between population, environment and development;

    14.  Welcomes, in the context of General Assembly resolutions 42/196 of 11/December/1987 and 43/199 of 20 December 1988, the Fund's continuing emphasis on and commitment to coordination and inter-agency cooperation, notably within the framework of the Administrative Committee on Coordination and the Joint Consultative Group on Policy, and to enhancing the role of the United Nations resident coordinators; and encourages the Fund to intensify its dialogue with the parties concerned with a view to improving the coordination of international population assistance, and to inform the Council regularly on developments;

    15.  Recommends that the United Nations Population Fund further strengthen its cooperation with non-governmental organizations as appropriate;

    16.  Notes with satisfaction the Fund's continued efforts, under the leadership of the World Health Organization and in collaboration with other United Nations agencies, to assist developing countries, at their request, in the fight against the AIDS pandemic; and requests the United Nations Population Fund once again to include a special section on AIDS in the report of the Executive Director for 1989;

    17.  Takes note of the need to ensure that population assistance is appropriate to specific socio-cultural settings and the ensuing need for socio-cultural research, upon the request of Governments, on families' attitudes, beliefs and practices with regard to fertility and family planning; and requests the Executive Director to include information on United Nations Population Fund support for such research in the annual report for 1989;

    18.  Welcomes the intention of the Fund, as set out in its report on the implementation of the intercountry programme of the Fund, to adopt a restrictive approach to the funding of social science research within the intercountry programme;

    19.  Takes note of the Executive Director's report on the United Nations Population Fund publications and audio-visual productions (DP/1989/40); and requests the Executive Director to produce Arabic, Chinese and Russian language versions of the Fund's basic publications, when appropriate;

    20.  Emphasizes the importance of giving increased attention and due priority to enhancing and consolidating human resource development and social sector programmes and services, including population programmes, in the process of restructuring macro-economic policies;

    21.  Recommends that, in order to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues in the context of overall development plans and programmes and the need to find solutions for these issues, 11 July should be observed by the international community as World Population Day;

    22.  Requests the Executive Director to submit to the Council at its thirty‑eighth session (1991) a report detailing the Fund's current expenditures for contraceptives, its estimate of the contraceptive requirements of developing countries concerned during the remainder of the 1990s, and the specific plans of the United Nations Population Fund to take appropriate account of the increasing demands for contraceptive commodities, including the resources required and the implications for other programmes;

    23.  Encourages the Fund, taking into account the increasing needs for family planning services in developing countries and the necessity to provide such services at the lowest possible cost, to concentrate its financing of research in the field of contraceptives on the development of safe, low-cost methods in close coordination with the Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction of the World Health Organization; also encourages the Fund to include systematically in its information, communication and education activities information on all such family planning methods;

    24.  Takes note of project implementation problems encountered in the use of extra-budgetary resources made available to United Nations agencies by the United Nations Population Fund to finance personnel and local costs when the policies of the Fund are not followed because of different rules and regulations for administration and disbursement of these funds; and urges the Executive Director and the Director-General for Development and International Economic Cooperation to take up this issue with the agencies concerned;

    25.  Takes note of the efforts for peace and development being carried out in the Central American region and invites the United Nations Population Fund to continue to assist in the most effective way in the population field with a view to strengthening its support to the goals and objectives of the Special Plan of Economic Cooperation in accordance with General Assembly resolution 42/231 of 12/May/1988;

    26.  Urges the Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund, in compliance with her mandate, to promote and organize regional meetings of heads of governmental institutions dealing with population matters with a view to initiating an active and ongoing exchange of views on the experience acquired, which would permit a more efficient planning of population and development matters, and at the same time strengthen efforts to speed up their cooperation and integration;

    27.  Decides to request the Executive Director to submit, from the thirty-seventh session of the Governing Council (1990) and onwards, in addition to the regular annual and periodical reports, no more than two special reports per/session, where possible and feasible;

B

    The Governing Council,

    Having considered the work plan for 1990-1993 and request for approval authority (DP/1989/34) and the report of the status of financial implementation of Governing Council‑approved United Nations Population Fund programmes and projects (DP/1989/35),

    1.   Endorses the Executive Director's programme resource planning proposals set out in paragraphs 13 to 36 of document DP/1989/34 with a proviso that the operational reserve shall be maintained as noted in paragraph 16 of decision 89/48;

    2.   Approves the distribution of the amount of $22.0 million derived from the reduction in the originally proposed additions to the operational reserve proportionally to country and intercountry programmes as proposed in tables I, J and L of the work plan (DP/1989/34);

    3.   Approves the revised programme ceiling for 1989 of $191.6 million as contained in paragraph 33 of document DP/1989/34, including an overprogramming of 10 per cent of new programmable resources in 1989;

    4.   Approves the request for the programme expenditure authority in the amount of $156.2 million for 1990;

    5.   Endorses the use of the following estimates for new programmable resources for the 1991-1993 period:  $172.8 million for 1991; $191.1 million for 1992 and $211.3 million for 1993.

C

    The Governing Council

    1.   Approves the following country programmes:

Algeria                                     DP/FPA/CP/58

Central African Republic           DP/FPA/CP/51

Chad                                        DP/FPA/CP/54

China                                       DP/FPA/CP/48

Comoros                                  DP/FPA/CP/60 and Corr.1

El Salvador                               DP/FPA/CP/53

Mauritius                                  DP/FPA/CP/55

Nicaragua                                 DP/FPA/CP/52

Panama                                    DP/FPA/CP/57

Philippines                                DP/FPA/CP/49

Sao Tome and Principe DP/FPA/CP/50 and Corr.1

Togo                                        DP/FPA/CP/56

Zimbabwe                                DP/FPA/CP/59

    2.   Takes note of the Executive Director's comprehensive progress report on the Fund's intercountry programme, 1988-1991 (DP/1989/70); and requests the Executive Director to include information on the status of the Fund's intercountry programme in the report of the Executive Director for 1989, to be supplemented by tabular material detailing financial aspects of the programme.

38th meeting

30 June 1989