86/34.  United Nations Fund for Population Activities

The Governing Council

            Taking into account the views expressed by delegations at its thirty-third session during the consideration of the question of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities,

     I

Taking note of the reports of the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities on the activities of the Fund in 1985 (DP/1986/32 (Parts I and II), DP/1986/33 and DP/1986/34 (Parts I and II)).

            Noting the need for increased resources for the United Nations Fund for Population Activities and strongly urging all countries that are able to do so to increase their contributions in 1986 and future years and to make their contribution payments as early as possible in the year for which the pledge is made,

            1.  Urges the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, in light of the special session held in 1986 by the General Assembly on the critical economic situation in Africa to increase the attention given to countries of the sub-Saharan Africa region, and to submit to the Governing Council at its thirty-fourth session a strategy for Fund assistance to sub-Saharan Africa, taking into account the particular needs of those countries, the activities of other organizations of the United Nations system and the specific catalytic role which the Fund can play in addressing those needs;

            2.  Notes with satisfaction the efforts of the fund to strengthen coordination and cooperation in population matters with other organizations and mechanisms within the United Nations system as noted in the annual report of the Executive Director (DP/1986/32 (parts I and II)) and urges the Executive Director to continue his efforts to strengthen coordination, consultation and cooperation at all levels and with all the organizations concerned, in particular with the United Nations Children's Fund, the World Health Organization, the World Bank and the regional banks involved in population matters, both at headquarters and in the field, in order to ensure complementary efforts in building up a sustainable infrastructure for health and population activities;

            3.  Notes with appreciation the increased attention of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities to the role and status of women in the programmes and projects it funds and the establishment of the Special Unit for Women and Youth Under the Executive Director, and requests the Executive Director to develop, for presentation to the Governing Council at its thirty-fourth session, an internal implementation strategy to strengthen the capacity of the fund to deal with issues of women in development which would establish verifiable objectives and a time-frame for implementation with a view to promoting accountability and would also give special attention to improved staff training, to monitoring of existing guidelines, instructions and procedures for inclusion of women-in-development criteria and to increasing the effectiveness of the Special Unit within the Fund's headquarters, paying due attention to the relevant experience of organizations engaged in operational activities within the United Nations system, including the possibility of instituting joint staff training programmes in this field;

            4.  Notes with special satisfaction the report of the Executive Director on the evaluation activities of the Fund (DP/1986/37), especially as it relates to the comparative results of past evaluations according to the major work-plan categories, including activities relating to women, endorses the continuation of the efforts of the Fund to strengthen the system of internal and independent in-depth evaluations and to improve the utilization of the evaluation results through comparative analysis and feedback of the results into Fund policies and programmes and requests the Executive Director to report to the Governing Council at its thirty-fourth session on the development and institutionalization of procedures ensuring such feedback and the use of lessons learned from evaluations;

            5.  Takes note of the report of the Executive Director regarding the experiences gained by the Fund in using the existing set of criteria for selecting priority countries (DP/1986/38), agrees that the system of priority countries should be continued and that the Executive Director should have the necessary flexibility in implementing programming guidelines with due attention to per capita delivery of programme resources in the priority countries, and requests the Executive Director to submit to the Council at its thirty-fifth session a further report on the programming experience of the Fund in using the existing set of criteria and his suggestions for any modification of the criteria, should he feel that such modifications are necessary;

            6.  Also takes note of the report of the Executive Director on intercountry activities (DP/1986/39) and, requests the Executive Director:

(a)  To report in each annual work plan, beginning in 1987, the level of support to intercountry activities and to technical advisory services for the previous year;

(b)  To develop a system for attributing intercountry activities, as far as possible, to the countries that receive intercountry assistance, identifying and assigning administrative activities currently charged to intercountry programmes to the administrative budget;

(c)  To present the system to the Governing Council at its thirty-fourth session for its consideration;

             7.  Decides to provide assistance to the World Health Organization Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction in accordance with earlier decisions of the Governing Council, and further decides at the number of technical advisers should remain at 1986 levels in all regions, or decline, with the exception of Africa, where an additional three advisers are approved;

            8.  Takes note of the report of the Executive Director on the programmes of the regional and interregional demographic training and research centres (DP/1986/40), in particular the measures being taken to transfer to participating member States the responsibilities for the regional institutes in sub-Saharan Africa and the efforts being undertaken by those institutes to achieve self-reliance in accordance with the principles outlined in paragraph 15 of document DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/8, and urges the Economic Commission for Africa and the Governing Councils of the Regional Institute for Population Studies and the Institute de formation et de recherche demographique to continue their efforts to achieve financial independence for those organizations;

            9.  Agrees with the recommendation of the Executive Director to eliminate the report entitled "Supplementary information on the work in 1985 of agencies and organizations executing UNFPA-unded programmes and projects" on the understanding that the information will be included in the final version of the annual report of the Fund;

II

            Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on the follow-up to General Assembly resolution 39/228 on the International Conference on Population A/41/179-E/1986/18) and Economic and Social Council resolution 1986/7 of 21 May 1986, outlining steps to be taken on the relevant recommendations of the International Conference on Population, in particular, recommendation 83 in regard to further strengthening of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities,

            1.  Decides to utilize the reports of the Population Commission during its discussion of Fund-related questions so as to increase the exchange of information on population questions;

            2.  Also decides, with a view to providing adequate time for consideration of questions relating to the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, to review at its organizational meeting for 1987 the number of meeting to be allocated to the Fund in the light of the experience gained at the thirty-third session;

            3.  Further decides to continue organizing its work programme in a manner that will facilitate the consideration of Fund-related items in plenary meetings before the relevant budgetary and administrative questions are taken up in the Budgetary and Finance Committee;

            4.  Requests the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities to monitor the multilateral population programmes and projects supported by the Fund, to continue producing on a regular basis the annual Inventory of Population Projects in Developing Countries Around the World and the triennial Guide to Sources of International Population Assistance and to include in the Inventory an overview of major trends and developments in population programmes;

            5.  Also requests the Executive Director to continue to support, with the express consent of the recipient Government, innovative projects of non-governmental organizations and to involve non-governmental organizations, community and social organizations and private groups, as and when appropriate, in formulating and implementing diverse projects;

III

            Bearing in mind the Declaration on Population and Development f/ and the recommendations approved by the International Conference on Population g/ for the further implementation of the World Population Plan of Action h/ with respect to population distribution and internal migration,

            Taking note of the Mexico Declaration on Population and Small and Middle-sized Cities in Latin America and the Caribbean i/ and the Barcelona Declaration on Population and the Urban Future, j/

            Reaffirming the importance of national population distribution policies designed to stimulate more balanced regional development in every country and to improve the quality of life in urban centres and rural localities as an essential component of population policies and national development strategies,

_________

f/  Report of the International Conference on Population, Mexico City, 6-14 August 1984 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.84. XIII.8 and Corr. 1 and 3), Chap. I.A.

g/  Ibid., chap. I.B.

h/  Report of the United Nations World Population Conference, Bucharest, 19-30 August 1974, (United Nations publication, Sales No. E. 75.XIII.3), chap. 1.

i/  Adopted at the Conference on Population and Small and Medium-sized Cities in Latin America and the Caribbean, organized by the United Nations Fund for Population Activities and held at Mexico City from 24 to 28 February 1986.

j/  Adopted at the International Conference on Population and the Urban Future, held at Barcelona from 19 to 22 May 1996,

Requests the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities to continue support of the Fund, within its mandate, for research, training and other programme activities, including the holding of technical meetings in the areas of migration, urbanization and population distribution, and to persevere in efforts relating to maternal and child health, family planning and changes in the age structure of populations in both rural and high-density areas in accordance with the specific needs of various countries and to cooperate with other United Nations bodies and organizations in that regard;

IV

            Having considered the final report of the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities on the review and reassessment and work plan of the Fund for 1987-1990 and the request for approval authority (DP/1986/35) and the report on the status of financial implementation of country programmes and projects (DP/1986/36) of the Fund approved by the Governing Council;

            1.  Approves the final report of the Executive Director on the review and reassessment (DP/1986/35);

            2.  Authorizes the Executive Director to continue to make allocations to those country programmes covered in the review and reassessment which have not yet received reduced amounts in accordance with the plans contained in document DP/1982/28, as mentioned in paragraph 17 (c) of the report of the Executive Director (DP/1986/35), until such time as new country programmes for those countries are submitted to the Council;

            3.  Approves the revised programme ceiling for 1986 of $108 million as indicated in the report of the Executive Director (DP/1986/35), including an increase in over-programming to 10 per cent above new programmable resources of 1986;

            4.  Also approves the borrowing of $5 million in 1986 and $3 million in 1987 from the operational reserve for purposes of the programme, and authorizes the Executive Director to delay the implementation of paragraph 5 of Council decision 81/7 III of 23 June 1981 until the middle of the 1990s if the income between 1986 and 1990 reaches only the assumptions of the lower scenario of the work plan of the Fund for 1987-1990, on the understanding that the level of the operational reserve should at no time fall below 16 per cent of estimated contributions;

            5.  Decides to raise the level of permitted over-programming up to 10 percent of new programmable resources for 1986 and 1987 and thereafter to review it annually;

            6.  Approves the work plan of the Fund for 1987-1990 at the higher scenario, the understanding that the Executive Director will implement the work plan in accordance with the lower scenario until the resources of the higher scenario are actually available;

            7.  Authorizes the net additional approval authority in accordance with the work plan for 1987-1990 at the higher scenario in the amounts of:

(a)  $49.3 million for 1987, to bring the total for 1987 to 100 per cent of the 1987 level, or $165 million;

(b)  $46.6 million for 1988, to bring the total for 1988 to 75 per cent of the 1987 level, or $123.7 million;

(c)  $43.9 million for 1989, to bring the total for 1989 to 50 per cent of the 1987 level, or $82.5 million;

(d)  25 per cent of the 1987 level, or $41.2 million for 1990;

V

            Having considered the recommendations of the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities in regard to the proposed country and intercountry programmes and projects,

            Approves Fund assistance to the large-scale country and intercountry programmes or projects, as set forth in the recommendation by the Executive Director (DP/1986/L.8) and included in the work plan of the Fund for 1987-1990, the level of assistance to be determined by the Executive Director depending upon the availability of resources, and authorizes the Executive Director to seek multilateral and bilateral support should resources not become available to the Fund for the entire funding of the following proposed programmes:

(a)  Zaire (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/26):  $7.5 million at the higher level or $5 million at the lower level;

 (b)  Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/27):  $2.2 million;

(c)  Pakistan (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/28):  $20 million at the higher level or $15 million at the lower level;

(d)  Egypt (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/29):  $13.3 million at the higher level or $8.3 million at the lower level;

(e)  Mozambique (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/30):  $6 million at the higher level or $4 million at the lower level;

(f)  Jordan (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/31 and Corr.1):  $4 million at the higher level or $3.3 million at the lower level;

(g)  Syrian Arab Republic (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/32):  $4 million at the higher level or $3.2 million at the lower level;

(h)  Global Training Programme in Population and Development:  Establishment of the International Centre for Training and Research in Population and Development in Association with the United Nations at the Catholic University of Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/33):  $1,686,000.

35th meeting

27 June 1986