85/19.  United Nations Fund for Population Activities

The Governing Council,

I

           Emphasizing the sovereignty of nations in the formulation, adoption and implementation of their population policies, consistent with basic human rights and responsibilities of individuals, couples and families,

Recalling paragraphs 2 and 3 of General Assembly resolution 3019 (XXVII) of 18 December 1972, concerning the role of the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme relating to the United Nations Fund for Population Activities,

            Continuing to underscore the importance of the human rights and voluntary aspects of family planning for all couples and individuals, as embodied in the World Population Plan of Action, a/ the recommendations for the further implementation of the World Population Plan of Action, b/ the Mexico City Declaration on Population and Development, c/ the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, d/ the International Covenants on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and on Civil and Political Rights e/ and other international declarations and strategies adopted by the United Nations,

            Affirming that it is the policy of the Fund, in accordance with its own family planning guidelines and the various declarations and strategies cited in the above paragraph, not to provide assistance for abortions, abortion services or abortion-related equipment and supplies as a method of family planning,

            Taking into account the views expressed by delegations during the consideration of agenda item 6,

             1.  Takes note of the reports of the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities on the activities of the Fund in 1984 (DP/1985/28 (parts I and II), DP/1985/29, DP/1985/30 (parts I and II));

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            a/    Report of the United Nations World Population Conference, Bucharest, 19-30 August 1974 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.75.XIII.3), chap. I.

            b/  Report of the International Conference on Population, Mexico City, 6-14 August 1984 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.84.XIII.8 and Corr. 1 and 3), chap. I.B.

            c/    Ibid., chap. I.A.

            d/    General Assembly resolution 217 A (III).

e/     General Assembly resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

            2.  Notes with satisfaction the increase in resources contributed to the Fund in 1984, expresses its appreciation to all donors to the United Nations Fund for Population Activities;

             3.  Urges all countries that are able to do so to increase their contributions in 1986 and future years, and to make their contribution payments as early as possible;

             4.  Authorizes the Executive Director to request the convening of a special session of the Governing Council at any time prior to the next regularly scheduled session of the Council, should, in his opinion, developments in regard to the Fund's resource situation and the necessity for reprogramming of available resources warrant it;

            5.  Notes with satisfaction the relative proportions of assistance allocated to the priority programme areas outlined in paragraph 3, section I, of Governing Council decision 81/7, of 23 June 1981, and particularly the increase in the percentage of total programme resources allocated to family planning, as reflected in the annual report of the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities for 1984 (DP/1985/28 (parts I and II)), in accordance with the Council's previous directives;

 6.  Expresses the expectation that the present global proportions will be maintained, keeping in mind the current needs of certain individual countries for support in lower priority work-plan categories and the role of women in population activities;

             7.  Also notes with satisfaction the increase in 1984, as noted in the report of the Executive Director on the activities of the Fund in 1984, in the proportion of assistance from the Fund to priority countries;

             8.  Reiterates its goal of devoting up to two thirds of country programme assistance to the priority countries for population assistance from the Fund;

             9.  Recalls its request, as outlined in paragraph 4, section I, of decision 83/17, for a report by the Executive Director to be presented to the Council at its thirty-third session on the experience gained by the Fund in using the present set of criteria for selecting priority countries;

              10.  Notes with appreciation the Fund's increased attention to the role and status of women, and requests that the Fund further strengthen its activities directed both to special women's projects and to the role of women in all population programmes and activities;

              11.  Further notes that the project implementation rate in 1984 remained at about the same level as in 1983 as reflected in the report of the Executive Director on the activities of the Fund in 1984 and in the report of the Executive Director on progress achieved in improving the project implementation rate and on obstacles to, and measures to be taken towards, improving programme and project implementation and monitoring (DP/1985/33);

            12.  Also notes with satisfaction the Fund's intention to address the need for further developing and strengthening the system of monitoring and evaluation and for the feedback of the results into its policies and programmes;

             13.  Requests the Executive Director to strengthen the Fund's efforts to improve the implementation of projects and to strengthen the capacity of Governments to implement their population policies and programmes and to report on implementation experience relating to allocations and expenditures with the different executing agencies to the Governing Council at its thirty-fourth session (1987);

              14.  Expresses its appreciation for the progress report on the extent to which the various regional and interregional demographic training and research centres have incorporated the principles related to funding and programming, contained in document DP/1985/28 (part I);

             15.  Requests the Executive Director to provide, in view of his request for the Council to consider the importance of training in the whole spectrum of population activities, a progress report on the regional and interregional centres, as requested in paragraph 7, section I, and paragraph 4, section V, of Governing Council decisions 84/21;

            16.  Also expresses its appreciation for the report on the evaluations undertaken by the Fund in 1984, as outlined in document DP/1985/28 (part II);

             17.  Recalls its decision 83/17, in paragraph 7, section I, of which it called for a report to the Council at its thirty-third session (1986) on the comparative results of past evaluations according to major work-plan categories, including activities related to women and also including results of different kinds of evaluation undertaken in connection with projects funded by the Fund;

              18.  Approves UNFPA assistance to the large-scale country programmes or projects, as set forth in the recommendation by the Executive Director (DP/1985/L.7) and included in the work plan for 1986-1989, subject to availability of resources:

            In Ghana (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/16) in the amount of $3 million;

            In the Ivory Coast (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/17) in the amount of $1.7 million;

            In Sierra Leone (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/18) in the amount of $2.8 million;

            In Uganda (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/19) in the amount of $3.5 million;

            In Bangladesh (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/25) in the amount of $20 million;

            In India (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/24) in the amount of $63.8 million;

            In Indonesia (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/23) in the amount of $18 million;

            In Brazil (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/22) in the amount of $15 million;

            In Cuba (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/21) in the amount of $2.4 million;

            In Nicaragua (DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/20) in the amount of $1.2 million with the balance of a total of $6 million, as described in DP/FPA/PROJECTS/REC/20, to be provided from other sources;

            19.  Decides to consider, at its organizational session in 1986, making provision for more time at future sessions of the Governing Council in which to discuss items and documentation of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities on the agenda of the Council, in order to ensure adequate and full consideration of those matters;

II

            Taking note of the reports of the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities on a problem-oriented analysis of the Fund's experience in the family planning area (DP/1985/31), on the use of incentives and disincentives in family planning programmes (DP/1985/32) and on the results of the recommendations of the Policy and Coordination Committee of the World Health Organization's Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction together with a recommendation for the level of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities funding for the Special Programme for the period 1986-1989 (DP/1985/34),

            1.  Confirms that all activities undertaken by the Fund should be consistent with the provisions of the World Population Plan of Action, the Mexico City Declaration on Population and Development and the recommendations for the further implementation of the Plan of Action;

            2.  Requests the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities to continue to pursue improvements in the design, management, monitoring and valuation of family planning programmes and projects;

            3.  Also requests the Executive Director, in view of the relative paucity of research in the area of incentives and disincentives in family planning programmes, to encourage and support research on the effects of incentive and disincentive schemes on the quality of services offered and on the individual's free and informed choice;

            4.  Takes note with satisfaction of the greater coordination of international efforts in the field of contraceptive research, as outlined in document DP/1985/34;

            5.  Approves the allocation by the United Nations Fund for Population Activities of an additional $500,000 to the World Health Organization's Special Programme for Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction for 1985, for a total of $2.5 million for 1985;

            6.  Decides that the Fund's allocations to the Special Programme should be increased, if resources increase and funds are available, to the level of $2.75 million for 1986, $3 million for 1987, $3.25 million for 1988, and $3.5 million for 1989.

III

            Expressing satisfaction with the outcome of the International Conference on Population, a/ the recommendations adopted for the further implementation of the World Population Plan of Action b/ and the Mexico City Declaration on Population and Development, c/

            Recalling General Assembly resolution 39/228 of 18 December 1984,

            Further recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1985/4 of 28 May 1985, particularly paragraph 4, in which the Council invited the Secretary-General to avail himself of the advice of members of, inter alia, the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in carrying out the task entrusted to him in paragraph 13 of General Assembly resolution 39/228,

Recalling also section IV of its decision 84/21, in which it, inter alia, invited the Secretary-General, subsequent to the International Conference on Population, to take into account the views of the Governing Council in the study and examination of ways and means to ensure the more effective delivery of population assistance by the United Nations system,

            Taking note of the report of the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities on the implications of the recommendations of the International Conference on Population for the activities of the Fund (DP/1985/37 and Add.1),

            Keeping in mind the views expressed on the role of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities in DP/1985/37/Add.1,

            1.  Requests the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities to continue to concentrate the Fund's assistance in its core areas, as defined in paragraph 3, section I, of Council decision 81/7, and to give increased emphasis to the strengthening of Fund activities at the national level;

            2.  Further requests the Executive Director to circulate to all members of the Governing Council, as soon as it is available, the report of the Secretary-General regarding the relevant recommendations in particular recommendation 83  for further implementation of the World Population Plan of Action concerning the role of international cooperation;

IV

            Taking note of the report of the Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities containing the update of the review and reassessment of the programme of the Fund, the work plan for 1986-1989 and request for approval authority (DP/1985/35) and the report on the status of financial implementations of programmes and projects of the Fund approved by the Governing Council (DP/1985/36),

            1.  Approves the update of the review and reassessment and the work plan for 1986-1989 contained in the report of the Executive Director, on the understanding that the Executive Director will limit approval of projects to available resources;

            2.  Also approves net additional approval authority, in accordance with the work plan, in the following amounts:

(a)  For 1986, an additional $40.3 million, to bring the total for 1986 to 100 per cent of the 1986 level, or $154.3 million;

(b)  For 1987, an additional $39.7 million, to bring the total for 1987 to 75 per cent of the 1986 level, or $115.7 million;

(c)  For 1988, an additional $39.1 million, to bring the total for 1988 to 50 per cent of the 1986 level, or $77.1 million;

(d)  For 1989, $38.6 million, or 25 per cent of the 1986 level;

            3.  Notes the proportional distribution of allocations between country and intercountry activities achieved in 1984;

            4.  Reaffirms the existing target of up to 25 per cent of programmable resources for intercountry activities;

            5.  Recalls its request, as outlined in paragraph 8, section I, of decision 84/21, for a report to be presented to the Council at its thirty-third session clarifying the definition of intercountry activities and reviewing the possibility of a revision of the definition and the target.

                                                                                                                         38th meeting

                                                                                                                        29 June 1985