Resources on Sexual & reproductive health

The Zimbabwe maternal and neonatal assessment provides data for the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (“the Ministry”) to base policy, planning and other managerial and clinical decisions.

Full review

The objective of this adaptable tool is to assess HIV and sexual and reproductive health bi-directional linkages at the policy, systems and service-delivery levels.

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The strategic pathway to reproductive health commodity security (SPARHCS) is a tool to help countries develop and implement strategies to secure essential supplies for family planning and reproductive health programmes.

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Service availability mapping (SAM) has been developed to generate data on the availability of health services and the health system inputs and resources required for their success. SAM is a source of statistics on distribution of services and facility infrastructure, infection control procedures, services offered, staffing, laboratory facilities, essential medicines, commodities and supplies, and treatment guidelines.

Full review

The Service Provision Assessment (SPA) survey is a nationwide facility-based survey that measures the capacity of health facilities to provide quality preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for key MCH and HIV/AIDS programmes. The SPA collects information on availability of services, existence of critical equipment, supplies and procedures (including management), provider capacity, performance and perceptions, and the client’s perspectives on the services she received.

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Situation analysis is a tool for examining the availability and quality of family planning and reproductive health services. The methodology has four essential objectives: (1) to describe the potential of current policies and programme standards to deliver quality services; (2) to describe the capacity of service delivery staff and facilities to provide quality services to clients and compare them with policy and programme standards; and (3) to describe the actual quality of care received by clients. Multiple situation analyses have been used to determine programme trends over time (Hong, et al., 2005).

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The Strategic Approach is a three-stage process to assist countries in strengthening their sexual and reproductive health policies and programmes in the context of the overall national health sector planning process.

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Effective sexual and reproductive health interventions vary depending on the needs they respond to, and the place; the political, social and cultural context; the economic situation, and the quality and availability of health services. Successful interventions developed in one context must be modified before they will fit local needs elsewhere, whether in another country or another region in the same country.

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Consistent and correct use of condoms is vital to achieve the level of protection required to prevent unintended pregnancy and the transmission of HIV and other STIs.

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The 2011 Worlds Aids Day Report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and World Health Organization (WHO) states that the number of people living with HIV was estimated at 34 million people at the end of 2010, up 17% from 2001.

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