Asia Tsunami Disaster Flash Appeal
On 6 January 2005 the United Nations and its partners launched a flash appeal for US$ 977 million to fund the critical work of some forty UN agencies and NGOs in planning and implementing a strategic, efficient, and coordinated response to the needs of some 5 million people.
The appeal focuses on programmes to keep people alive and support their efforts to recover and rebuild their lives. UNFPA is seeking $28 million to cover its part of this coordinated effort, from January to the end of June 2005, including the projects described below.
UNFPA is asking the international donor community for $18 million for projects in Indonesia.
Working in partnership with the World Health Organization and the Indonesian Ministry of Health, UNFPA has requested $8 million for the reestablishment of basic reproductive health services, including maternal health and the prevention of sexually transmitted infection and HIV/AIDS. To minimize maternal and infant mortality, UNFPA and partners will use these funds to provide and distribute equipment, medicines and supplies to ensure safe child delivery and reestablish emergency obstetric care. The funds will also enable training support for government and NGO staff, as well as technical assistance, initial rehabilitation of health premises, and support of referral mechanisms and transport for pregnant women who experience complications.
UNFPA has requested $7 million to meet urgent psychosocial needs in the wake of the disaster. This support ranges from counseling for survivors, to provision of basic clothing items such as sarongs and headscarves. Counseling and support groups are urgently needed in Aceh in particular, where the magnitude of the disaster has caused debilitating trauma. Survivors have been traumatized to the point where some adults are unable to care for their children or even themselves. These funds will also cover the cost of hygiene kits, which include soap, washcloths and sanitary supplies.
The remaining $3 million will promote the access of women and other vulnerable populations to services including water, sanitation, food, health and protection. UNFPA will work with local NGOs to ensure that provision of these necessities occurs in a way that recognizes the special situation of women, who are often unable to report to distribution centers because they must single-handedly look after children, the injured and other survivors. These funds will also be used to prevent violence against women and youth through community outreach programs run by women's associations and youth groups.
UNFPA is requesting $7.5 million to help meet the urgent reproductive health needs of survivors in Sri Lanka.
The bulk of the amount -- $6.5 million -- would help restore reproductive health services and ensure safe deliveries and emergency obstetric care among the displaced. UNFPA will work with other national and international partners to reconstruct and refurbish 20 maternity wards, 20 labour rooms, and two comprehensive essential obstetric care facilities in the affected areas. It will provide personal hygiene kits for girls and women and disseminate information on emergency reproductive health services to the affected population. It will also work on reducing sexually transmitted infections and HIV transmission, and preventing and managing the consequences of sexual violence.
The rest of the amount will be used to train health service providers, NGOs and youth networks on how to address the psychosocial needs of the displaced communities. That would include responding to sexual and gender-based violence with psychosocial support services for girls and women.
UNFPA is asking the international donor community for $2 million to help the Maldives health sector respond to the disaster. The amount would be instrumental in re-establishing reproductive health services for the severely affected populations and in purchasing drugs and vaccines, medical supplies, essential safe delivery kits, and reproductive health commodities. That would ensure good reproductive health, safe delivery, and fewer complications related to pregnancy and delivery. The amount would also help UNFPA promote adolescent reproductive health, including the prevention of sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS.
UNFPA is requesting an additional $400,000 for the protection and psychosocial support to women and adolescent girls. UNFPA will collaborate with the Ministry of Health and local organizations to provide this support to families and communities, with special attention to adolescents.
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