Resources and management
Total regular and other income in 2008 was $845.3 million, compared to $752.2 million for 2007. Regular income totalled $469.5 million in 2008, compared to the 2007 income of $457.1 million. The 2008 total includes $428.8 million in voluntary contributions from governments and private donors, $14 million in interest income and $26.7 million in other contributions. Regular resources provide reliable support for UNFPA country programmes in developing countries, primarily through governmental pledges. They also are used for programme support and management and administration of the organization.
Other contributions in 2008 totalled $375.8 million, compared to $295.1 million in 2007. The 2008 figure includes interest and other income of $10.8 million. Income from other resources is earmarked for specific activities. It includes trust funds, cost-sharing programme arrangements and other restricted funds.
UNFPA Income, 2008
Project expenditures (regular resources) in 2008 totalled $340.4 million, compared to $273.6 million in 2007. The 2008 figure includes $272.4 million for country programmes, compared to $218 million in 2007; and $68 million for intercountry (regional, interregional and headquarters) programmes, compared to $55.6 million for 2007. Technical support services amounted to $85,000. The 2008 totals are based on provisional figures.
Of the total regular resource expenditures, UNFPA provided $165.2 million in assistance for reproductive health, $69.1 million for population and development, $35.6 million for gender equality and women's empowerment, and $79.5 million for programme coordination and assistance. These expenditures were authorized by the Executive Director to carry out recommendations approved by the UNFPA Executive Board.
UNFPA Expenditures, 2008
In 2008, UNFPA provided support to 158 developing countries, areas and territories: 45 in sub-Saharan Africa, 14 in the Arab States, 21 in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 42 in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 36 in Asia and the Pacific. Sub-Saharan Africa received the largest percentage of UNFPA assistance at $143.3 million, followed by Asia and the Pacific at $85.5 million, Latin America and the Caribbean at $34.7 million, the Arab States at $26.9 and Eastern Europe and Central Asia at $15.3 million. Interregional and headquarters assistance amounted to $38.6 million.
UNFPA Assistance by Region & Programme Area
UNFPA began executing its Strategic Plan for 2008–2011. The goal of this plan is to accelerate progress towards realizing the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Millennium Development Goals, focusing on three key areas: population and development, reproductive health and rights and gender equality. The plan is results-based and specifies anticipated outcomes, along with indicators to measure results. The plan gives regional and country-level programmes the flexibility of choosing elements that best reflect their needs and priorities.
Significant measures were taken in 2008 to improve accountability. The UNFPA oversight policy aims at strengthening accountability, risk management and assurance processes. Recognizing that accountability is also about ethics and ethical standards, UNFPA established an Ethics Office in 2008 and introduced a mandatory ethics training course for staff.
UNFPA focused attention on ensuring stewardship and oversight of resources under UNFPA management. Central to this is the consistent application of an internal control framework and all elements of an internal oversight policy. UNFPA country offices also have reported several initiatives at the local level to improve the stewardship of resources.
In 2008, UNFPA began implementing a new organizational structure designed to make the organization more field-focused. The new structure supports United Nations reform, which calls for more harmonization among United Nations agencies and emphasizes more action and efficiency in the field. The new regional offices, located in Bangkok, Bratislava, Cairo, Johannesburg and Panama City, will be supported by six subregional offices in Almaty, Dakar, Kathmandu, Johannesburg, Kingston and Suva. In addition, a new Programme Division and a Technical Division have been established at headquarters.
Worldwide, UNFPA has 1,119 core staff in authorized budget posts. In 2008, women held 48 per cent of professional staff posts. About 74 per cent of UNFPA's approved core posts were in the field.
UNFPA focused on activities that facilitated reorganization and regionalization and provided training to staff to equip them to take up new assignments.
To develop the skills of future managers and supervisors, UNFPA launched the Learning Applied Management Programme.
Nearly 800 UNFPA staff members passed one of the six available courses in the Distance-Learning Programme on Population Issues. As part of the programme, four academics tutored UNFPA staff on population topics.
Where UNFPA Works