UNFPA is the world's largest internationally funded source of
population assistance, directly managing one quarter of the world's
population assistance to developing countries.
UNFPA derives its income from voluntary contributions. These come from
two sources: governments and inter-governmental organizations, and private
sector groups and individuals.
Total income for 2000, including contributions to general and
supplementary resources, was $366.1 million, compared to $287.7 million in
1999. General resources income increased by 5 per cent to $262.5 million
from $249.8 million in 1999. By far the largest increase, 173 per cent,
was seen in contributions to supplementary resources, up from $37.9
million in 1999 to $103.6 million in 2000.
General resources are used for UNFPA's participation in UNFPA country
programmes approved by the Executive Board, as well as for programme
support, and management and administration of the organization. The table
on page 32 shows the distribution of regular resources by country.
Supplementary resources fall into two categories: cost-sharing, and
multilateral and bilateral trust fund contributions. Both allow donors to
earmark funds for specific activities. Contributions to supplementary
resources, which have been growing in recent years, reached an all-time
high in 2000 due largely to a $41 million contribution from the
Netherlands for contraceptive commodities.
Fund-raising during the year increased both income and the total number
of donors, up from 69 in 1999 to 100 in 2000.
UNFPA AT A GLANCE: 2000
UNFPA carries out its work through its headquarters in New York and its
regional and field offices worldwide. UNFPA also has a Geneva office and a
supply operation in Amsterdam.
Number of country offices: 110
Number of Country Technical Services Teams: 9
Percentage of posts located in the field: 76 per cent
Number of posts worldwide: 1,018
1 - UNFPA
Assistance by Executing Agency
The Executive Director authorizes expenditures to meet recommendations
approved by the Executive Board for programme assistance.
In 2000, UNFPA total expenditures amounted to $255.6 million, compared
with $316.6 million in 1999. Of these expenditures, $134.2 million was for
country and regional programmes, $19.7 million was for management and
administration of the organization, $64.5 million was for programme
support, and $37.2 million was for Trust Fund activities. Also in 2000,
UNFPA used an additional $26 million to replenish its operational reserve.
In 1999, UNFPA spent $187.1 million on country and intercountry
activities, $23.3 million on management and administration, $70.5 million
on programme support, and $35.7 million on Trust Fund activities.
2 - Country Activities by Group
In 2000, UNFPA provided support to 142 countries: 45 in sub-Saharan
Africa; 39 in the Arab States and Eastern Europe, 33 in Asia and the
Pacific, and 25 in Latin America and the Caribbean. The region of
sub-Saharan Africa received the largest percentage of UNFPA assistance,
followed by Asia and the Pacific, the Arab States and Europe, and Latin
America and the Caribbean.
MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS
In April 2000, the UNFPA Executive Board approved the first multi-year
funding framework, for 2000-2003, with clearly defined organizational
goals, indicators to track progress, key strategies for achieving results,
and resource requirements. The framework builds on UNFPA's efforts to
institute a results-based management approach throughout the organization.
The three major goals identified in the new framework are universal
good reproductive health, a balance between population dynamics and social
and economic development, and gender equality and women's empowerment. For
each goal there is a set of indicators to measure progress and a set of
outputs for which UNFPA is accountable. A situation analysis is being
carried out at the country level to better implement the funding
framework. The first set of results-oriented tools for programme
monitoring and evaluation was distributed to country offices in late 2000.